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HOME  |  ABOUT MI AND CBT

Motivational Interviewing (MI) and
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

What is MI?​

 

Motivational Interviewing (MI) is an evidence-based counselling approach founded by two clinical psychologists, William R. Miller and Stephen Rollnick. Although developed in the field of addiction, MI's respectful and compassionate counselling style have proven extremely effective and useful in other areas where behavioural change is desired.

MI includes person-centered empathic listening, collaborative conversation, and autonomy support, to strengthen a person's own motivation for, and commitment to, change. The mindset, or spirit of MI, consists of the following basic principles (Miller & Rollnick, 2013):

 

  • ​Establishing a collaborative relationship and becoming a “team” with another person

  • Showing genuine compassion for the needs of another person

  • Seeing and believing in another's strengths and positive resources

  • Being non-judgmental towards another person and of their thoughts, feelings, perspectives

  • Respecting and understanding another’s basic need to make their own choices

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What is CBT?​

 

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a successful treatment method that focuses on how a person's thoughts, feelings and behaviour influence one another. CBT sees psychological problems arising from unhelpful thinking patterns and/or learned patterns of unhelpful behaviours.

 

Using CBT involves analyzing a problem by identifying and recognizing one’s unhelpful thoughts and behaviours, as well as developing and using alternative strategies to change unhelpful thinking and/or behavioural patterns.

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